The amount of information and news that is currently on the subject of the Internet censorship of China, in relation to other featured states much more numerous. This is probably due, among other things, to the fact that China is currently in the focus of world economic interest.
The first email was sent to Germany in 1987. In 1994, the competent authorities were granted permission to build the Internet in China and to connect to the then-existing global network.
In 1996, the first censorship rules for the Internet were issued. So were forums, guest books, one of the other job board. ransacked for illegal content. Like the country’s economic growth, the number of Internet users has exploded since then.
The Internet-facing agency, the China Internet Network Information Centers (CNNIC), reported in its annual report, an increase of Internet users from 630,000 in 1997, to a user base of 137 million at the end of 2006.
Despite this enormous number of users, China is one of the few countries that understand how to protect its population from “harmful content”. However, this method also has disadvantages so on the Internet some page not found what an online job search, for example, would complicate. The ROF sees the secret of success in a clever mix of filtering techniques, repression, and good diplomacy.
With additional espionage and logging methods, as well as severe legal consequences, Chinese Internet users feel threatened, which often results in self-imposed censorship. In China, 62 people are currently imprisoned for online publications that violate censorship laws. The spectrum of blocked content is similar to that of Saudi Arabia.
The report of the “OpenNet Initiative” on China’s Internet Filtering of 2005 found efforts to prevent access to content with political, pornographic and religious material. Examples of blocked pages include information about the Dalai Lama, the Tian’anmen massacres or anti-communist movements. The ONI is also impressed by the dominant, well-thought-out and effective form of the system of Chinese Internet censorship.
The consequences of distorted access to information for Chinese Internet users are profound and worrying. The success of the “Great Firewall of China” is partly due to the support of Western companies such as search engine providers, which had to expose some massive criticism.
Google, as the most widely used search engine in the world, whose motto is “Do not be angry” puts the Chinese version of Google (google.cn) on self-censorship, as well as MSN and Yahoo, which are compliant with the requirements of the Communist Party.
This support of censorship is a prerequisite for the search engine providers to be allowed to operate in the Chinese market at all and thereby leaves the chance open to get some of the big cash cake in booming China.